What kinds of data are protected by data protection laws?

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The term “personal data” refers to information that may be traced back to a specific individual, and it is covered under the Data Protection Act 2018 (“the Act”). It includes guidelines that must be adhered to whenever personal data is being handled and grants individuals the right to access their own personal data by allowing them to submit “subject access requests.”

What information is protected under the Data Protection Act?

The DPA’s rules are very thorough and cover rules around sharing of data, and data security.

The law provides stronger protection for more sensitive information such as:

  • ethnic heritage.
  • political beliefs
  • beliefs in religion.
  • Health.
  • Sexual activity.
  • criminal record

What kinds of information are legally protected?

Any information that relates to a recognized or identifiable natural person is considered to be personal data, as defined by the law, which covers personal data. It excludes ‘pseudonymised’ data, but does not eliminate publicly available data. According to Consideration 162, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) does apply to the use of personal data for statistical purposes.

What are the two categories of data that the Data Protection Act protects?

If someone who is not entitled to see these details can obtain access without permission it is unauthorised access. The Data Protection Act sets up rules to prevent this happening.

Two types of personal data

  • their title.
  • address.
  • financial or medical information.

What three categories of personal data exist?

Personal data can include information relating to criminal convictions and offences.

Are there categories of personal data?

  • race;
  • ethnic background
  • political stances
  • beliefs in religion or philosophy;
  • being a union member
  • DNA information;
  • biometric information (when used for identification);
  • data on health;
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What is not covered by the Data Protection Act?

Activities Conducted in a Private Capacity or Within a Household The processing of personal data for activities conducted in a private capacity or within a household that are unconnected to a commercial or professional use is happily exempt from the scope of data protection legislation.

What are the Data Protection Act’s four guiding principles?

Accuracy. Storage constraint. Honesty and discretion are of the utmost importance (security) Accountability.

What kinds of personal data are shielded by privacy laws?

The Privacy Act of 1974, as updated to the current day (5 U.S.C. 552a), protects data about persons that may be obtained by personal identifiers such as a name, social security number, or other identifying number or symbol. This law was originally enacted in 1974.

What information falls under this category?

Covered information refers to information that can be used to identify an individual consumer and that is either input into, stored on, captured with, accessed through, or transmitted through a Covered Device. Examples of covered information include, but are not limited to: (a) a first or last name; (b) a home or other physical address, including street name and name of… business; and (c) a credit card number.

What kinds of personal information can be gathered?

Personal data includes nearly everything about an online user including:

  • Name.
  • Address for email.
  • Location.
  • an IP address
  • website history.

What kinds of data fall under data privacy?

The terms “personally identifiable information” and “personal health information” (PHI) are often included in the scope of “data privacy” (PII). This includes personal information such as names, birthdates, financial information, medical data, social security or identification numbers, and contact information.

Examples of sensitive data


  • personal information revealing political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, racial or ethnic origin;
  • trade union participation;
  • processed genetic and biometric information that is only used to identify people;
  • data relating to health;
  • information about a person’s sexual orientation or sexual life.

What falls under GDPR’s definition of personal data?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provides further clarification that information is considered to be personal data whenever an individual can be identified, either directly or indirectly, “by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological,… characteristics of that natural person.”

What are the Data Protection Act’s three guiding principles?

Principles of Data Protection

  • Any processing of personal data should be done in a lawful, fair, and transparent manner.
  • Limitation of Use: Personal information should only be gathered for clear, explicit, and legal purposes. It shouldn’t then be processed in a way that is incompatible with those purposes.

What are the Data Protection Act’s seven fundamental tenets?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was formulated on the basis of seven principles, as stated on the website of the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), which are as follows: 1) lawfulness, fairness, and transparency; 2) purpose limitation; 3) data minimization; 4) accuracy; 5) storage limitation; 6) integrity and confidentiality (security); and 7) accountability.

What exactly is protected personal data?

A person’s first name or first initial and last name, in combination with any one or more of the following types of information, including, but not limited to, social security number, passport number, credit card numbers, clearances, bank numbers, biometrics,… is considered to be Protected Personally Identifiable Information (Protected PII).

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What kinds of information are covered by confidentiality?

If a piece of information were to become public knowledge, it may be detrimental to a company’s capacity to conduct business as well as the company’s reputation. This type of material should be kept secret. The nature of this material makes it confidential or confidentially proprietary.

What kinds of details are private?


  • Personal identification number.
  • date of birth.
  • Number at home.
  • Address at home.
  • information on health.
  • Passwords.
  • parking contracts.
  • Gender.

When is it permissible for a covered entity to use or disclose protected health information?

When they think it is necessary to prevent or reduce a significant and urgent harm to a person or the public, covered entities may disclose protected health information if the disclosure is made to someone they believe can prevent or lessen the threat (including the target of the threat).

Does a person have a right to the privacy of their data?

Everyone has the right to have the personal information that pertains to them protected at all times. The processing of such data must be done in an honest and transparent manner, for predetermined goals, and on the basis of the agreement of the individual whose data is being handled, or some other valid basis established by law.

A list of names is it personal information?

The following items, depending on the specifics of the situation, could be deemed private information: A given name and a family name. An address in the residence. An email address.

Email addresses – personal information?

Yes, email addresses are personal data. Email addresses are considered to be personally identifiable information under the provisions of data protection regulations such as the GDPR and the CCPA (PII). PII refers to any information that, by itself or in conjunction with other data, may be used to identify a specific individual as a physical person.

What different types of data are there?

There are four different classifications of data: nominal, ordinal, discrete, and continuous.

What private information is not regarded as sensitive?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) draws a dividing line between sensitive personal data and other types of personal data. Examples of data that are not considered sensitive include things like a person’s gender, date of birth, place of birth, and postal code. This type of data is not considered to be sensitive; but, when coupled with other types of data, it can be used to identify a specific individual.

What constitutes sensitive personal information?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) defines personal data as information that reveals a natural person’s racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or membership in a trade union; genetic data; biometric data; data concerning health; or data that reveals a natural person’s sexual orientation or sex life.

What are the eight fundamental tenets of data protection?

The Eight Principles of Data Protection

  • lawful and just.
  • particular in its intent.
  • Be sufficient and only use what is required.
  • accurate and current.
  • not kept any longer than is required.
  • Think about the rights of others.
  • kept secure and safe.
  • not be moved outside of the EEA.
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Can I file a lawsuit in the UK if someone records me without my consent?

Depending on the circumstances and the location where the recording took place, the answer is yes, you can sue someone for recording you without your consent.

When may personal information be revealed?

within a reasonable period of time after obtaining the personal data, but no later than one month; if you use the data to communicate with the individual, at the latest, when the first communication takes place; or if you envision disclosing the data to someone else, at the latest, when you disclose the data.

Names and addresses are they personal information?

Personal information includes things like a person’s telephone number, credit card number, personnel number, account data, license plate number, appearance, customer number, and address, among other things.

What information is not regarded as private?

The term “Non-Confidential Information” refers to any and all information that meets the following criteria: I it was known to the general public, or it was known to the Receiving Party without any obligation of confidentiality or non-disclosure, at the time that such Property was provided, disclosed, or made available or accessible by the Disclosing Party to, or…

Which of the following statements is false?

Answer: Information on a patent that has been awarded.

What does the Right to Financial Privacy Act not cover?

Methods of Inspection and Testing

NOTE: The RFPA does not apply to restrict or limit the FDIC’s disclosure of financial information to state authorities, including banking, law enforcement, and other state agencies such as appraisal certification boards. This is important to keep in mind.

Which data is shielded by privacy laws?

Act Relating to the Right to Privacy in California (CPRA)

Obtain notification from companies who intend to utilize sensitive personal information and then request that they cease doing so. This includes an individual’s biometric information, genetic data, and any information on their health, sexual orientation, or sex life.

What is protected health information composed of?

The demographic information, medical histories, test and laboratory findings, mental health disorders, insurance information, and other data that a healthcare practitioner collects in order to identify an individual and decide suitable…

Which protected health information types can be used in research projects without special permission?

What kinds of patients’ Protected Health Information (PHI) can be utilized in research projects even if they don’t have patients’ explicit permission? If the patient’s name is kept confidential, then just a limited data set will be provided, along with de-identified data.

What information is regarded as private?

The term “personal data” refers to any information that pertains to a person who may be recognized or located. What identifies a person may be anything as basic as a name or a number; it might also be something more complex, like an IP address or a cookie identifier; or it might be a combination of a few different things.

What data is regarded as private?

A person’s name, social security number, driver’s license number, credit or debit card number, financial account number (with or without security code, as long as an authorized person could gain access to the account), biometric information, and a username or email address are all examples of what the bill considers to be “private information.”